In today's online world, there is lots of information about how to grow a Bonsai. Here, we help you to understand some basic Bonsai tips to make sure you get the most out of your tree.
This information is taken from ''The Art of Bonsai" eBook. Available from the BonsaiShop online Bonsai Store.
Bonsai are trees, and require the same sort of light, water, and fertilizer that any tree does.
Your bonsai needs to be in a sunny position. The best position is in morning sun until midday. Under a shadecloth can be ok. You can bring your bonsai inside for a few days for display, but it must be returned outside as soon as possible.
Because your bonsai is in such a small pot, it will become dry fairly quickly. It should be watered every one or two days, for most trees this is as long as the soil is dry on the surface. This varies a lot depending on the time of day it is in the sun and the current season, so it is best to just check it every day or two days to see if the soil is damp or dry. It must be watered enough so that the water begins to seep out the drainage holes in the bottom of the pot.
Once a week you can submerge the whole pot in a container of water until bubbles stop coming to the surface, about 10 minutes to guarantee that it is getting fully watered.
Fertiliser for Bonsai:
It is best to fertilise your tree every 3 weeks with a weak solution of fertilizer such as nitrosol, aquasol, seaweed champion etc. at half the recommended dose. Do this up to the beginning of winter. We carry a range of fertilisers here.
The key to a great bonsai is primarily the shape of the tree. This is acheived by wiring branches into the desired structure, but also by selectively pruning unwanted branches and foliage. There are a variety of tools available specifically for bonsai that can cut, split, and bend branches, shear roots, crush bark, cut wire, and even pluck needles from pines.
Click on an image to see our range of those tools available.
The wire is to hold a branch in place until it sets in that position. If and when the wire seems to be getting too tight on the branch, this is the time to remove it. Do this with a pair of cutters, cutting at each individual loop and remove. Different thicknesses are used depending on how thick the branch is. We carry a variety of gauges of bonsai wire here.
POTTING AND REPOTTING YOUR BONSAI
Your tree will need to be repotted once a year in early spring with new bonsai soil, with some of the old roots trimmed away. You can leave it in the same pot (to keep it the same size but grow thicker) or put it in a larger pot so that it grows larger.
Don’t forget, Enjoy yourself!